Heel Pain


Heel pain (‘Policemans Heel’ or Plantar Fasciitis) has many causes and is generally the result of faulty biomechanics

(walking gait abnormalities) that place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissues that attach to it. The stress may also result from injury, or a bruise incurred while walking, running or jumping on hard surfaces, wearing poorly constructed footwear, excessively worn shoes or being overweight.

Heel spurs are a common cause of heel pain. Heel spurs result from strain on the muscles and ligaments of the foot, by stretching the long band of tissue that connects the heel and the ball of the foot, and by repeated tearing away of the lining or membrane that covers the heel bone.

Symptons and causes of heel pain

* Pain and tingling to the heel and foot
* Repeated bruising to the heel and foot
* Walking difficulties
* Obesity
* Inflammation of the foot

Controlling and avoid the risk of heel pain

* Avoid high heels
* Lose weight
* Foot correctors
* Rest and good nutrition (temporary relief only)


* Stiffness of muscles around the foot
* Irritation of the foot
* Rheumatoid arthritis
* Achilles tendonitis


* Well fitted and supportive shoes
* Don’t wear slippers or go barefoot around the house
* Avoid walking on uneven surfaces


Ankle pain is often due to an injury to the ligaments or muscles that connect bones in the foot and ankle area.

In most cases it is foot related, for example: damage to ligament of the foot or sprains from feet twisting inwards and ligaments tearing. Ankle pain can also be connected to arthritis, gout or infection

Symptons and causes of ankle pain

* Sprains
* Twisted foot movements (posture)
* Obesity
* Gout

Controlling and avoid the risk of ankle pain

* Resting
* Ankle supports (temporary relief only)
* Cortisone injections
* Wear foot correctors


* Arthritis / Osteoarthritis
* Sports injuries
* Swollen and burning ankles
* Trapped nerves and muscles


* Correct footwear
* Heat relief (cold/hot)
* Surgery


A hammertoe is a contracture, or bending, of the toe at the first joint of the digit, called the proximal interphalangeal joint “Biis bending causes the toe to appear like an upside-down V when looked at from the side. Any toe can be involved, but the condition usually affects the second through to fifth toes, known as the lesser digits. Hammertoes are more common to females than males.

Of the two different types, flexible hammertoes are less serious because they can be diagnosed and treated while still in the developmental stage. They are called flexible hammertoes because they are still moveable at the joint.

The second type, rigid hammertoes are more developed and more serious than the flexible condition. Rigid hammertoes can be seen in patients with severe arthritis, for example, or in patients who wait too long to seek professional treatment. The tendons in a rigid hammertoe have become tight, and the joint misaligned and immobile, making surgery the usual course of treatment.

Symptons and causes of hammer toes

* Pain in the ball of the foot and around the affected toe area
* Painful to move joint
* Redness and swelling at the joint of the toe
* Pain from the top when wearing shoes

Controlling and avoid the risk of hammer toes

* Supply ice packs to the damaged area
(temporary relief only)
* Avoid wearing high heeled shoes
* Wearing loose fitting shoes
* Foot Correctors


* Corns appearing on the affected toe
* Arthritis in the feet
* Stress
* Wearing tight fitting shoes

* Wear medical pad around the damaged toes
(temp relief)
* Cortizone injections (temp relief)
* Surgery



High arch is the opposite of flat feet / fallen arches.

Highly arched feet are much less common than fallen arches and are more likely to be associated with an abnormal orthopaedic or neurological condition.

Neuromuscular diseases that cause changes in muscle tone may be associated with the development of high arches.

Unlike fallen arches and flat feet, high arch feet tend to be more painful because more stress and pressure is placed on the section of the foot between the ankle and the toes (metatarsals arch), this leads to chronic pain in the ankle, legs and hips. It also makes it more difficult to wear fitted shoes, generally requiring a medical foot support which will significantly reduce disability to the foot and aid walking.

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Fallen arches, or flatfoot, is a condition in which the arch on the inside of the foot is flat and the entire sole of the foot rests on the ground. It affects about 40% of the general population. Although flat feet in themselves are not usually problematic, they can create problems in the feet, hips, ankles and knees. Pain may be experienced in the lower back if there are alignment problems and if the individual is engaged in a lot of heavy, high impact activities that put stress on the bones and muscles in the lower legs.

The arches of most individuals are fully developed by the age of 12 to 13. While some people are born with flat arches, for others the arches fall over time. The tibial tendon, which runs along the inside of the ankle from above the ankle to the arch, can weaken with age and with heavy activity. The posterior tendon, main support structure for the arch, can become inflamed (tendonitis) or even tear if overloaded. For women, wearing high heels can affect the Achilles tendon and alter the structure and function of the ankle. The posterior tibial tendon may compensate for this stress and break down, causing the arches to fall. Obesity is another contributing factor, as well as a serious injury to the ankle or foot, arthritis and bad circulation such as occurs with diabetes.


Symptons and causes of high arches

* Corns, Calluses
* Pain when walking / running
* Wearing high heels
* Pain when standing still for a length of time

Controlling and avoid the risk of high arches

* Foot Correctors
* Surgery
* Medical pads (temporary only)


* Damage to ankles causing pain
* Obesity
* Chronic pain
* Born with high arches



A neuroma is a painful condition also referred to as a pinched nerve or a nerve tumour, it is a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between the third and fourth toes that brings on pain, a burning sensation, tingling or numbness between the toes and in the ball of the foot.

The principal symptom associated with a neuroma is pain between the toes when walking. Those suffering from the condition often find relief by stopping their walk, taking off their shoe, and rubbing the affected area. At times the patient will describe the pain as similar to having a stone in his or her shoe. The vast majority of people who develop neuromas are women.


Symptons and causes of neuromas
* Pain in the ball of the foot
* Swelling and cramps between the toes
* Pain in the front of the foot & between toes
* Tingling/numbness in the ball of the foot

Controlling and avoid the risk of neuromas
* Avoid wearing tight or ill fitting shoes
* Wear foot correctors
* Wear low heeled shoes

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Knee pain is a common complaint among a wide range of ages and in sports active people. There are many different problems related to the knee, from arthritis, cartilage wear to ligament injuries and posture fatigue. Most knee problems are accompanied by swelling and reduced movement of the knee joint bringing chronic pain.



Symptons and causes of knee pain
* Arthritis
* Ligament injuries
* Kneeling for long periods
* No movement of knee up or down, bending

Symptons and causes of knee pain
* Arthritis
* Ligament injuries
* Kneeling for long periods
* No movement of knee up or down, bending

* Incorrect posture
* Obesity
* Inability to walk comfortably on affected side





* Medication, antiflamatory drugs
* Rest
* Wear Foot Correctors


Hip pain is a common problem, there are so many different problems that are related to hips, ranging from bad alignment and posture, arthritis and  tendoritis to muscle strains and fractures. With may of today’s anti-inflammatory medicines and heat/ice application, relief is usually only temporary. Surgery and medical procedures are the usual answers to this complaint.



Symptons and causes of hip pain
* Inability to walk comfortably on a affected side
* Injury that causes deformity around the joint
* I nability to bend the hip
* Swelling of the hip or thigh area

Controlling and avoid the risk of hip pain
* Surgery (replacements)
* Wear foot correctors
* Foot correctors

* Bad posture
* Arthritis

* Rest for 4-6 weeks (temporary)
* Medication (anti-flammatory)
* Ice and heat application (temporary)


Back pain is one of the most common afflictions of today’s society. Almost every person will have at least one episode of back pain, from a minor problem to chronic pain, at some point in their life, from short lived to long term problems. Back pain can be caused by spine, posture or muscle malpositioning of the vertibrae. Doctors and surgeons have many explanations about causes of back pain, but no single explanation applies to everyone, and only time, exercise and medical devices work in the long term.



Symptons and causes of back pain
* Excessive stress to the back
* Bad posture
* Lifting heavy objects
* Obesity

Controlling and avoid the risk of back pain
* Exercise
* Lose weight
* Wear Foot Correctors


* Minimal movement ie: bending or reaching for something
* Ageing of discs
* Pain or numbness down one or both legs

* Surgery
* Heat relief (hot or cold)